Detroit & Michigan Juvenile Defense Lawyer
If you are a minor and have been arrested or you are a juvenile charged with a crime, you could be facing severe penalties or, depending on the crime, even be tried as an adult. You need an experienced and aggressive Juvenile Defense Attorney to fight for your rights

As a Juvenile Charged with a Crime, You have many Rights and Options
The Juvenile Justice system is unlike the Criminal Justice System faced by adults who commit crimes. In general, juvenile proceedings are not considered criminal in nature and except for certain exceptions, the goal is rehabilitation, not punishment.

Jurisdiction over a juvenile applies to those under the age of 17 where there has been a violation of a law or other juvenile offenses such as home or school truancy or incorrigibility. Proceedings must be initiated before the 18th birthday and jurisdiction usually ends when the juvenile turns 18, however, under certain circumstances the court may retain jurisdiction until age 21.

Juvenile proceedings are initiated though a petition. Upon its issuance, a preliminary hearing must be held within 14 days to determine whether there is probable cause to proceed. If the juvenile is detained, it must be held within 24 hours. If probable cause is found, a pretrial date will be scheduled. At the pretrial, the juvenile has the option to (1) plead guilty or no contest; (2) set the matter for trial in front of a referee, a judge, or a jury; or (3) adjourn for further resolution, discovery, or a motion hearing.

The Consent Docket
Depending on the offense, the court may determine that the best interests of the juvenile and the public will be served by placing the juvenile on the consent docket. This can be done at any stage of the proceedings. There is no formal plea entered when a juvenile and his parents accept that he or she be placed on the consent calendar. The juvenile will have certain terms that must be completed. If the terms are completed satisfactorily within the time frame agreed upon, the court must close the case and may destroy all records of the proceeding. Fingerprinting may not be ordered if the youth is placed on the consent calendar and if fingerprints have already been taken, the court must order that they be returned. If the juvenile does not complete the terms of the agreement or commits another offense, the court may authorize the petition to the formal calendar and the case will proceed to trail or a plea.

Other Potential remedies:

  • Warn and dismiss the petition.
  • Order probation—remaining in the juvenile’s own home or that of a related adult. The probation may be regular or intensive.
  • Place the juvenile in, or commit him or her to, a private institution or agency.
  • Commit the juvenile to a public institution, operated by an agency of the court or county. Commitment may be local or, in the event there is not an appropriate facility, the court may order the child to become a state ward under the FIA Youth Rehabilitation Services Act. When this is done, the juvenile may be placed anywhere in the state or at a facility available to FIA.
  • Appoint a guardian for the juvenile.
  • Order community service, jail tour, criminal call, letter of apology, anger management, individual counseling, drug court, employment, school attendance, etc.
  • Order court costs and restitution to the victim..
  • Place the juvenile in a boot camp or similar program depending on the county.
    • The Law Office of James G. Schmier, PLLC is a Criminal Defense, Drunk Driving DUI and Family Law and Divorce law firm and provides legal representation in Wayne County, Oakland County, Macomb County and throughout Michigan including these Michigan cities:

      Macomb County

      Armada
      Centerline
      Chesterfield Twp.
      Clinton
      Eastpointe
      Fraser
      Harrison
      Lenox
      Macomb
      Memphis
      Mt. Clemens
      New Baltimore
      New Haven
      Richmond
      Romeo
      Roseville
      St. Clair Shores
      Sterling Heights
      Shelby
      Utica
      Warren
      Washington

      St. Clair County

      Port Huron
      Capac
      Saint Clair
      Algonac
      Keewahdin
      Marine City
      Emmett
      Yale

      Washtenaw County

      Ann Arbor
      Ypsilanti
      Chelsea
      Saline
      Manchester
      Milan
      Dexter

      Ingham County

      Lansing
      East Lansing
      Williamston
      Webberville
      Stockbridge
      Meridian Township
      Danville

      Oakland County

      Auburn Hills
      Addison Twp.
      Berkley
      Beverly Hills
      Bingham Farms
      Birmingham
      Bloomfield
      Bloomfield Hills
      Brandon Twp.
      Clarkston
      Clawson
      Commerce
      Farmington
      Farmington Hills
      Ferndale
      Franklin
      Groveland
      Hazel Park
      Highland
      Holly
      Huntington Woods
      Independence
      Keego Harbor
      Lake Angelus
      Lake Orion
      Lathrup Village
      Lyon Twp.
      Madison Heights
      Milford
      Novi
      Novi Township
      Oak Park
      Oakland Township
      Orchard Lake
      Orion
      Ortonville
      Oxford
      Pleasant Ridge
      Pontiac
      Rochester
      Rochester Hills
      Royal Oak
      Southfield
      South Lyon
      Springfield
      Sylvan Lake
      Troy
      Walled Lake
      Waterford
      West Bloomfield
      White Lake
      Wixom
      Wolverine Lake

      Wayne County

      Allen Park
      Belleville
      Brownstown
      Canton
      Dearborn
      Dearborn Heights
      Detroit
      Ecorse
      Flat Rock
      Garden City
      Gibraltar
      Grosse Isle
      Grosse Pointe
      Grosse Pointe Farms
      Grosse Pointe Park
      Grosse Pointe Woods
      Hamtramck
      Highland Park
      Huron
      Inkster
      Lincoln Park
      Livonia
      Melvindale
      Northville
      Plymouth
      Redford
      River Rouge
      Riverview
      Rockwood
      Romulus
      Southgate
      Sumpter
      Taylor
      Trenton
      Van Buren
      Wayne
      Westland
      Woodhaven
      Wyandotte

      Call for a No Cost Initial Consultation
      The Law Office of James G. Schmier, PLLC
      Criminal Defense, Drunk Driving DUI Defense and Family Law Divorce Attorney
      (248) 705 3742